American Journal of Nano Research and Applications

Special Issue

Nanomaterials and Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Detection

  • Submission Deadline: 20 January 2015
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: John Howe
About This Special Issue
Developing ultrasensitive, highly selective, cost-effective and reliable detection methods has become extraordinarily important in chemical detection, biological surveillance and disease diagnosis. Nanoscale sensors (nanosensors)-based chemical and biological sensing has gained great progress, substantially benefiting from the advances of nanoengineering and nanomaterials. The nanomaterials possess unique physicochemical, magnetic, electronic, mechanical, thermal and optical properties, which endow the nanosensors with superior sensing performances. The use of novel nanofabrication technologies has made it possible to build the controllable high-density arrays or patterned nanostructures on the nanosensors. The current studies focus on fabricating novel nanomaterials and nanostructures, developing robust nanosensors, and miniaturizing detection devices/systems for field application. Those nanosensors have been a promising trend of detection in the various areas, including medicine analysis, environmental monitoring, food safety, health diagnosis, and homeland security.

The aim of this special issue is to create a platform for the international nanosensing community to share innovative ideas and to present an up-to-date account of advancement in these areas as well as insights gained through field experience. Therefore, we are calling for original research and review articles contributed by the experts in their field. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

1. Sensing principles and mechanisms of nanoscale based fluorescence, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), colorimetry, micro-cantilever, quartz crystal microbalances (QCM), and electrical and electrochemical sensing;

2. Synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials and nanostructures for chemical and biological sensors, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanofibers, nanotubes, quantum dots, and nanostructured films, arrays and patterns as well as their composites, made from polymers, fullerene derivatives, noble metals and metal oxides;

3. Detection and monitoring of variety of targets (inorganic ions, organic molecules, proteins, nucleic acids, biological toxins, microorganisms and cells) in various environments (air, water, soils, foods, and in vitro or in vivo body fluids);

4. Earlier diagnosis of the diseases, such as cancer, malaria, and diabetes, using nanomaterials and nanosensors;

5. Development of novel concepts and new technologies for integrating a nanosensor into a device, (such as microfluidics and nanofluidics, sensor cartridges, and lab-on-a-chip);

6. Demonstration of robust portable and handheld devices or prototypes for simple, rapid and inexpensive but sensitive and reliable chemical and biological sensing in the field.
Lead Guest Editor
  • John Howe

    Agiltron Institute, Woburn, United States

Guest Editors
  • Irena Kratochvilova

    Institute of Physics Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic

  • Meijuan Han

    Phelly Materials Inc., New Jersey, United States

  • Davut Izci

    School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

  • Jonghoon Choi

    Department of Bionano Technology, Hanyang University, South Korea

  • Yan Hong

    Chemistry Department and Photonics Center, Boston University, Boston, United States

  • Qichen Wang

    Micro Stamping Corp., United States

  • Suresh Ranganathan

    Department of Analytical and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Concepción, Concepcion, Chile

  • Adel Najar

    Basic Research Laboratories, Atsugi R&D Center, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Atsugi-shi, Japan

  • Amalia Terracciano

    Center for Environmental System, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, United States

  • Changfeng Chen

    Kashiv Pharma, LLC, Bridgewater, United States

  • Qing Zhou

    Department of biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, United States

  • Garsha Bahrieh

    Electronics Engineering Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

  • Yong Wu

    Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Stevens Institute of Technology, New Jersey, United States

  • Anil Ramdas Bari

    Department of Physics, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Bodwad, India

  • Dr. Ramesh Bari

    Department of Physics, G.D.M. Arts, K.R.N. Comm.,& M.D. Science College, Jamner, Jamner, India

Published Articles
  • SERS Spectra of Permethrin on Silver Nanofilm

    Jumin Hao , Qingwu K. Wang , Wayne Weimer , Justin Abell , Monika Wilson

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 29-32
    Received: 5 March 2015
    Accepted: 6 March 2015
    Published: 28 April 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.16
    Abstract: Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has emerged as an ultrasensitive analytical tool for chemical, biological, and medical analysis. SERS spectra of permethrin, a common synthetic pyrethroid, were investigated for the first time. The SERS substrates used in this work were a silver nanofilm (AgNF) deposited on glass chips. The characteristic SE... Show More
  • Review: Recent Developments of Carbon Nanotubes Hybrid Assemblies for Sensing

    Junxin Luo , Yong Wu , Shen Lin

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 23-28
    Received: 30 November 2014
    Accepted: 16 January 2015
    Published: 27 January 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.15
    Abstract: In this review, we discuss state-of-the-art sensing methods for the detection of chemical and biological molecules, using a well-known and much studied material, carbon nanotubes, as the hybrid materials for fabrication assemblies. CNTs possesses a wide range of unique characteristics, including intriguing physical properties, higher aspect ratios,... Show More
  • Review: Biosensor for Detection of Pesticide Residue

    Qichen Wang , Youyou Xiong , Liping Lou

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 18-22
    Received: 7 December 2014
    Accepted: 10 January 2015
    Published: 27 January 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.14
    Abstract: Pesticide residue is a common contamination in the environment and food. Various analytical methods have been developed to detect and analyze the residues. Biosensor is one of the fast detection technologies. In this paper, we reviewed those biosensors according to their unique detection mechanism, fabrication and incorporation with nanomaterials.
  • Liposome-Based Nanosensors for Biological Detection

    Changfeng Chen , Qiong Wang

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 13-17
    Received: 7 December 2014
    Accepted: 31 December 2014
    Published: 23 January 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.13
    Abstract: Liposomes are self-assembled structures that contain an inner aqueous compartment surrounded by a lipid bilayer. This unique structure inherently provides liposomes with a powerful capability for encapsulating hydrophilic, hydrophobic or amphiphilic molecules or nanoparticles. Combining this property with appropriate signal amplification strategies... Show More
  • Synthesis of a Novel L-Tartaric Acid Derived Homochiral Nanoscale Framework and Its Application in L-Proline Detection and Acetalization Catalysis

    Xiong Peng , Radoelizo S. A. , Liping Liu , Yi Luan

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 8-12
    Received: 29 November 2014
    Accepted: 19 December 2014
    Published: 3 January 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.12
    Abstract: A novel homochiral nanoscale compound, [Ca(L-C4H4O6)(H2O)2]•2H2O (Ca(L-tart)(H2O)2), which is derived from calcium ions and L-tartaric acid (L-tart =C4H4O6), was synthesized under hydrothermal condition. It has been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, SEM, XRD, FTIR and TG. The calcium atoms adopt a tetrahedron geometry and each atom... Show More
  • Recent Advances in Self-Assembled DNA Nanosensors

    Karina M. M. Carneiro , Andrea A. Greschner

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 1-7
    Received: 30 November 2014
    Accepted: 18 December 2014
    Published: 27 December 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.s.2015030101.11
    Abstract: Over the past 30 years DNA has been assembled into a plethora of structures by design, based on its reliable base pairing properties. As a result, many applications of DNA nanotechnology are emerging. Here, we review recent advances in the use of self-assembled DNA nanostructures as sensors. In particular, we focus on how defined nanostructures, su... Show More